Legal system

The Cyprus legal system is based on its English counterpart. In general, English case-law is closely followed and many statutes regulating business matters and procedures are based on English laws and common-law rules and principles. Most legislation is officially translated into English.

The Supreme Court is empowered to pronounce final judgements as regards constitutional matters and hears all appeals against decisions of lower courts. In addition, among others, the Supreme decides all cases involving decisions or acts of the state in the ambit of administrative law.

The protection of human rights under the Constitution is based on the European Convention of Human Rights and the courts in enforcing such rights have been guided by US and European constitutional law principles and the case law on international courts.

The Republic is a signatory to many international treaties and conventions.